Chapter 6

   Early history of soccer: Ken Radnedge, The Complete Encyclopedia of Soccer (2004); Paul Gardner, The Simpliest Game: The Intelligent Fan’s Guide to the World of Soccer (1994), Bill Murray, The World’s Game: A History of Soccer (1996); John Synder, Soccer’s Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Clumsy Keepers, Clever Crosses and Outlandish Oddities(2001); Goldblatt; Mark Stewart, Soccer: A History of the World’s Most Popular Game (1998); Richard Giulianotti and Roland Robertson, Globalization & Football (2009).
   Chinese poet Li Yu: Zander Hollander, The American Encyclopedia of Soccer (1980), p. 13; James Walvin, The People’s Game: The History of Football Revisited (1994), p. 11-2.
   Mexico: Bruce Johansen, The Native Peoples of North America: A History (2006), p. 561.
   Greece: Pierre Lanfranchi, 100 Years of Football: the FIFA Centennial Book (2004), p. 12; Stewart, p. 5; Chris Hunt, The Complete Book of Soccer, 2006.
   Antiphanes: Young, 2.
   Kermari: Gardner, p. 1; Goldblatt, p. 7; Stewart, p. 5; Radnedge, p. 12; Young, P. 2.
   Tlachtli: Snyder, p. 2-3; Stewart, p. 6.
   Harpastum: Snyder, p. 2; Hollander, p. 14; Radnedge, p. 12; Young, p. 2; Stewart, p. 6.
   Derby: Young, p. 3.
   Danish influence: Snyder, p. 3
   Fitzstephen: Gardner, p. 2; Hollander, p. 14-5; Radnedge, p. 12, Young, p. 12.
   Henry, son of William de Ellington: Young, p. 13; Walvin, p. 13.
   William de Spalding: Young, p. 13; Walvin, p. 13.
   Adam of Salisbury: Young, p. 13, 217.
   Vale Royal: Young, p. 13, 215.
   Royal edicts: Gardner, p. 3-4; Galeano, p. 22-3; Snyder, p. 3; Young, p. 14; Walvin, p. 14, 18; Radledge, p. 12; Goldblatt, p. 17.
   Gloucester Cathedral: Bray, p. 13.
   Tower of London: When Saturday Comes: The Half Decent Football Book (2005), p. 21.
   George Taylor: Young, p. 28.
   Richard Mulcaster: Young, p. 25-6; Gardner, p. 5-6; Walvin, p. 23.
   Shakespeare, Breton,  quoted in Galeano, 23.
   East Looe: Hollander, p. 15; Walvin, p. 21.
   Pilgrims: Sam Foulds and Paul Harris, America’s Soccer Heritage: A History of the Game (1979), p. 7; Adrian Harvey, Football: The First Hundred Years (2005), p. 51.
   Jamestown: Andrei S. Markovits and Steven L. Hellerman, Offside: Soccer and American Exceptionalism, p. 70; Snyder, p. 3; Hollander, p. 19.
   Boston: Gardner, p. 210; Goldblatt, p. 96; Hollander, p. 19; Melvin I. Smith, Evolvements of Early American Foot Ball: Through the 1890/91 season (2008), p. 4.
   Thomas Arnold: Gardner, p. 6; Walvin, p. 36-8.
   Charles Goodyear:
   Development of soccer laws: Gardner, p. 7-8; Goldblatt, p. 30-1; Stewart, p. 11; Jonathan Wilson, Inverting the Pyramid: The History of Football Tactics (2008), p. 11-2; Walvin, p. 42; Young, p. 79, 93; Rous, p. 15-6, 21-2; Murray, p. 7; Lanfranchi, p. 17, 19, 20-1; Radledge, p. 14; Bray, p. 20-1.
   Harvard, Princeton, Columbia: Synder, p. 4; David Litterer, An Overview of American Soccer History (2006), online at:; Hollander, p. 20; Smith, p. 34.
   Oneida Football Club: Foulds, p. 18-9; Hollander, p. 21; Roger Allaway, “Were the Oneidaa Playing Soccer Or Not?” (2001), online at:
   Rutgers-Princeton game: Gardner, p. 211; Foulds, 109; Markovits, p. 71; David Wangerin, Soccer In a Football World (2006), p. 20; Murray, p. 1; Hollander, p. 22; Litterer; The World, magazine of the Reformed Church in America, November 23, 1924.
   New Brunswick history: online at
   Rutgers alma mater chorus (original lyrics from 1873): “On the banks of the old Raritan, my boys/ Where old Rutgers ever more shall stand/For has she not stood since the time of the flood/On the banks of the old Raritan,” Wikipedia,
   William Stryker Gummere: The New York Times, July 19, 1898, January 10, 1900; Graham v. Consolidated Transit,40 A.773 (N.J. Supreme Court), 1898; Thomas McC. Marsh, “The Judicial Influence of Chief Justice Gummere,” Mercer Beasley Law Review, January, 1934.
   “Lively but rough game:” New Brunswick Daily Fredonian, as quoted in The World, magazine of the Reformed Church in America, November 23, 1924.
   “Jackass performance:” Bergen County Gazette, as quoted in The World, magazine of the Reformed Church in America, November 23, 1924.